Stress is a feeling of emotional tension. It sometimes also includes physical tension. We often say that we are in tension, actually, we are in an emotional state which is called stress. For example when the result of a student is going to be announced he or she may feel stressed or tense. Similarly, during the wedding, you have to do a number of chores and tasks. By doing these chores you may even get stressed. Sometimes it is really difficult to deal with the stress as it eventually leads to depression. In severe cases, patients may also take certain medications to reduce the stress level. In the coming section, we will discuss further stress and we will also discuss how to reduce stress levels.
What happens when you are stressed
When a person is in a state of mental or physical tension, the body releases some stress hormones which include adrenaline and cortisol, that arouse the body for emergency action. During this emergency situation certain changes occur in a person’s body. The heartbeat may increase, muscles get tight, blood pressure rises, and start breathing quickly. In addition to this, there are also some of the signs and symptoms of stress, we will also discuss the cause of stress under this heading.
Sings & Symptoms of stress
There is not a single sign of stress. It has been divided into cognitive symptoms, emotional symptoms, physical symptoms, and behavioral symptoms. We will discuss each of them
The following are the cognitive symptoms of stress
- Memory problem
- Constant worry
- Increased anxiety
- Loss of concentration
- Becoming pessimist.
In addition to cognitive symptoms, the following are the emotional symptoms associated with stress
- Depression and irritation
- Feeling of isolation
- Bad mood
- Feeling unhappy
Some of the physical symptoms that are associated with stress are
- Chest pain
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of sex drive.
The behavioral symptoms inlcudes
- Different eating habit
- Changed sleep cycle
- Try to remain isolated
- Not completing the responsibilities.
- Use of drugs
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Cause of Stress
The situation that causes stress is called Stressors. There are many causes of stress, even a change in daily routine can also induce stress. According to the widely validated Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale, there are 10 main causes of stress
- Death of husband or wife
- Injury or illness
- Job Loss
- Marriage reconciliation
- Marriage Separation
- Death of a close family members
Consequences of stress
Stress is one of the main reasons that can cause your health to deteriorate. Prolonged stress can cause a number of different physical and mental disorders. Long-term stress may cause the following disorders
- Mental health problems like anxiety and depression
- Cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks.
- Eating disorders.
- Menstruation problems and sexual dysfunction
- In some cases, stroke and brain hemorrhage are caused by stress.
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How to reduce stress
There are a number of ways to reduce the stress level. You can visit a psychologist or a medical professional. There are certain medications as well that may help to reduce the stress level. Those medicines usually reduce the number of stress hormones. Although you might feel sleepiness while on that medication. Some of the other ways to reduce the stress levels are as follows.
Avoid Caffeine, Alcohol, and Nicotine
Caffeine, Alcohol, and Nicotine are the three main components that enhance the stress hormones in the human body. Caffeine is present in tea and coffee, Alcohol in whiskey, and Nicotine is present in cigarettes. You have to avoid all of these things to cope with the stress. Furthermore, It is not that difficult to avoid smoking and tea. All you need is your will power through which you can take over these things
Increase your physical activities
In addition to avoiding Caffeine, Alcohol, and Nicotine. You must also enhance your physical activity. You can do your home chores when you are free. In this way, your time will be passed easily, and meanwhile, you may also forget the cause of stress.
Try to take a morning walk
You should start doing a morning walk. It is one of the best things that will help you to cope with your stress. Moreover, your health will also improve and there will be little chance of getting a heart disease. Doctors always recommend a morning walk because at that time the environment is also clear from the poisonous gases and you will inhale fresh oxygen.
Join a Gym
The gym is also one of the best things that will help you to decrease the stress level. You will do certain exercises at the gym that will improve your heart health. In addition to this, you will get a good and long sleep as you will be tired. Moreover, your time will also be passed as you will spend about an hour at the gym.
Maintain your routine
You should also try to maintain your routine. Try to smoothen your daily routine, this will help you in the longer run. Try to eat, wake, and sleep on time. In this way, your mind will also relax and you can do your daily work with full focus.
Sleep at least 8 hours
Usually, doctors recommend sleeping for at least 8 hours. This will also help you to maintain your daily routine. In addition to this, you will remain fresh throughout the day. Remember one thing, don’t sleep for more than 10 to 12 hours. It is not normal for a healthy human to sleep for that long. Sleeping for long hours will induce more stress in you.
Talk to Someone
When you are stressed try to talk to someone. This will help to distribute your mind and you may also find some solution to your problem. A friend or a family member on whom you can trust can prove helpful to you.
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