Pakistan is one of the developing countries where girls are facing harassment issues. Ultimately, when the girls are not secure to work, it affects the economy of Pakistan, negatively. At this time span, we all need to work for the development of our country and end every barrier coming forth to this development. Meanwhile, we need to educate our girls and let them know about ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’, so they stay confident while working at the workplace or be anywhere in this country.
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Every girl who steps out of her home has this phobia which is becoming a big barrier towards their individual development and Pakistan’s development. Usually, this phobia is of ‘Sexual Harassment’ due to Androphobia.
We have witnessed numerous cases in Pakistan in which women are targeted at several places and even the kids are not safe in the streets. At this time, the girls should know about ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’ and speak up for their rights.
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Women Rights in Pakistan:
Firstly, the girls have to think before leaving their homes that is it really necessary to go outside? Secondly, when they are covered in the best possible way, even then many eyes keep on staring them. So, girls, it’s time to learn about ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’ and walk with confidence.
Public Harassment Laws to secure ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’:
- When a drunken person causes annoyance to anyone including female, in any public place then he could be punished with fine, imprisonment or both under Section 510 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860.
- If a person insults the modesty of any women via making any sound, gesture, uttering a word, or movement of any object in public places, and private gatherings, he is liable of three years imprisonment, fine or both under Section 509 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860.
- If any person at the workplace, demands sexual favor using verbal or non-verbal communication to annoy, insult, intimidate or threaten a female, then he liable to be imprisonment for three years, fine or both under Section 509 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860.
- If any person falsely accuses any women of fornication, then he is liable to be imprisoned for five years and with fine under Section 496C of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860.
- If any person insists a girl less than 18 years for fornication, he is liable for ten years imprisonment with a fine under Section 366A of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860.
- If any person assaults a female by stripping off her clothes in public to expose her then he is liable for the death penalty, or imprisonment for life with fine under Section 354A of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860.
- If any person does an offensive and vulgar act i.e. recites or sings a vulgar song in the public then he is liable for three months imprisonment or fine or both under Section 294 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860.
Workplace Harassment Laws to secure ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’:
Majority of women are compelled to do a job because of their severe economic conditions but Pakistan is said to be a male dominant society where males do not appreciate working women. Instead, they make it difficult for women to pursue their jobs. In respective conditions, women should not accept the unfair terms to do the job and speak up knowing the ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’.
- The person cannot request for sexual favors via verbal or written communication to create offensive, intimidating, or hostile working environment, or cause interference in work performance or to punish the victim on refusing to comply such a request, or to make it a employment condition under Section 2(h) of the Protection against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2010 harassment.
- Every organization has to form an Inquiry Committee of three members with at least one female member to inquire the complaints made against workplace harassment under Section 3 of the Protection against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2010.
- The targeted female can directly file a complaint to Ombudsman or the Inquiry Committee under Section 8 of the Protection against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2010.
- If the person is found guilty of the charges made on him then the following penalties can be imposed under Section 4 of the Protection against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2010:
- Major Penalties:
- Compulsory retirement
- Reduction to lower post to time scale or to a lower stage in a time scale
- Removal from service
- Dismissal from service
- Minor Penalties:
- Withholding for a specific period, increment or promotion
- Recovery of the compensation payable to the complainant from pay or any other source of the accused
- Stoppage for a specific period
Cyber Crime Laws to Secure ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’:
Nowadays, cyber and electronic crimes have been increased. Therefore, there are several laws to prevent these types of crimes.
- If a person intentionally or publicly shares the information of any individual including a female, to harm their reputation then he is liable for three years imprisonments or fine or both under the Prevention of Electronic Crime Act, 2016.
- If a person intentionally or publicly shares the information of any female to harm her reputation, or take revenge, or to blackmail or to create hatred is liable to imprisoned for five years or fine which may extend to 5Million rupees or both under the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act, 2016.
- If a person harasses any female through internet and contacts to show his interest repeatedly, despite knowing the female has made a clear indication of disinterest then it is considered offense of cyberstalking under the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act, 2016.
- If a person takes a photograph or make a video without the consent of the female and distribute the photograph or the video to harm her then he is liable to be imprisoned for three years which may extend to five years or fine extending to Rs. 1Million or both under Section 24 of the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act, 2016.
These laws are only known by the female lawyers and all other females are unaware of ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’. Therefore, we should spread awareness as a good citizen of Pakistan and a well-wisher for the women struggling in this country to get better lives. Apart from this, we should motivate women to chase their dreams and achieve them (with staying in necessary limits). Further, the government should play its role and inform girls about ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’.
Our Mushwarah is to design an application for the girls/ women where they can know about their rights. Also, they can easily register the harassment cases because it becomes difficult for women to even register the ill-treatment of this society.
Are you aware of ‘Women Rights in Pakistan’?